1. DIGITAL DIALOGUE SCREENING - 1 film
2. PREPARING SCRIPTS/BUDGETING - breakdown the script, budget accordingly. 3. SOME PRODUCTION EXAMPLES - BUDGETING / SCHEDULING. 4. HOW TO WRITE A TREATMENT - to get your budgets approved and funded! 5. CASE STUDY - Let's take a look at some broadcast examples 6. CLASS 3/4- REQUIRES REVIEW - FILM FESTIVAL PLANS / PRODUCTION
2. BREAKING DOWN A SCRIPT
See previous class 2 – Break down your script, work out all the elements required for your budget and schedule in one easy step! Once you have colour coded your script and worked out all the elements it should be easier to visualise what resources you will require to make your movie happen.
3. BUDGETING FOR THE SHORT FILM!
-Let’s look at a crazy A-z Feature film budget (You do not need something this advanced for your thesis films)
– Questions for your budget:
– PROJECT MANAGEMENT: SLACK/GOOGLE DRIVE – how will your project be managed?
– PRE-VISUALISATION: creating mood boards, location breakdowns, shot lists and eventually ARE YOU READY TO STORYBOARD? (Do you need to pay a storyboard artist)
-Art by Beini Huang, copyright Joshua Belinfante 2012
– do I need to render a 3D pre-visualisation?
– Do I need to shoot a previsualization? – Rogue One cut together 100s of movies to time out how the film may feel before they shot one second of footage.
– PERSONNEL: How many cast and crew on set? (Catering)
– LOCATIONS: How will you source your locations? (Location fees)
– ART DEPARTMENT: Do I need special FX or prosthetics or complex make up? What wardrobe do I require? Do I need a production designer
– TRAVEL COSTS: Will you be re-imbursing travel costs (‘Per diems’) and paying for hotels?
– INSURANCE/INDEMNITY: Do you need Public Liability insurance (Find out NYFA’s arrangement for your shoots)
– AWARD RATES: Will you be paying your crew a day rate (Above the line) and not paying your crew (Below the line)
– TURNAROUND/DAYS: Are you doing 8 hour days or 10 hour days, what happens if I go overtime?
– DEFERRED PAYMENT: Are you offering deferred payment to crew (In the event the film is successful they get a % of the earnings, very unlikely in a short film)
– EQUIPMENT: (This usually comes a lot earlier in the list, but you have a lot of gear) What equipment will I need to rent? Do I require a Jib, dolly, drone – what is the reason for this in the story? Do I need a steadycam?
–ARCHIVING/BACKUP: I need 2-3 HDDS (500) – ideally in different locations. Do I need to backup my rushes to LTO tape (A lot of Hollywood productions require this!)
– PERSONNEL: Who will edit my film? Do I need multiple editors? Assistant editors? Which program will post be completed in? Premiere, Avid, FCP, Vegas…
– COLOUR GRADE/SOUND MIX: Do I need to pay for a colour grade? Sound Mix?
– FINISHING FORMAT: Will I be finishing my film in 4K Widescreen, or 4k, or 1920×1080 or 2K (Which aspect ratio)
– MUSIC LICENSING: Composer?
– TRAILER: Do I need to edit a trailer?
– BEHIND THE SCENES VIDEO:
– PICK UP SHOOTING: Make sure you leave a contingency for pick up shoots/reshoots
D. DISTRIBUTION (more about this later):
– FESTIVALS/SCREENINGS: How much money for film festivals? $20-100 per entry. Find a local place for your screening.
– GRAPHIC DESIGN: Poster design, DVD cover design, DVD Disc design, Business cards, posters, press kit
-SUBMISSION COPY: DVD production/Blu ray production / DCP conversions for films ($$)
–CROWDFUNDING: Crowd funding and pre selling copies?
– Social media marketing.
Good little video from a UK Filmmaker about similar issues:
Once you have planned out all your elements you can then consider approaching investors and funding agents such as Screen NSW, Screen Australia, The Lexus Short film Fellowship, and any other overseas foreign investing agencies that may be relevant to your work (More about this later). To do this you will need to provide extensive documentation of your story and how you will go about achieving this! This is where your treatment comes in.
4. THE TREATMENT (KEEP IT SHORT - MAX 5 PAGES, 2 PAGES OPTIMAL)
A treatment is a summary of a screenplay, TV show, novel or other story, sometimes in the form of an outline. It can be anything from one to ten pages or even longer in length
A treatment must contain:
- A working title – that clearly defines the genre (and then came love, die hard, star wars)
- The writer’s name and contact information
- Any relevant registration numbers – Guilds
- A short logline – boiling down to a plotline
- A synopsis – expand the logline into a 3 act story with a beginng, middle and end.
- Introduction to key characters
- Who, what, when why and where
- Discuss the first Act in a few paragraphs, making sure to set the scene and dramatize main conflicts
- Discuss the second Act in a few paragraphs – how do the introduced conflicts lead to a crisis
- Discuss the third Act in a few paragraphs – what is the final conflict and resolution (REVEAL YOUR SUPER AWESOME TWIST ENDING)
SOME TIPS TO EXPAND YOUR UNDERSTANDING OF YOUR TREATMENT:
-Say your story back to your friends and get them to spit the plotline back at you or better yet tell it to someone else
-play with the order, don’t just write a list of scenes, once you’ve told your story to many people and the person listening is still listening – WRITE THAT DOWN.
-Get the reader/listener’s attention straight away, hook them in and make them desperate to read the next page – the opening sentence has to grab your attention.
– don‘t include dialogue in your treatment unless it’s an all encompassing quote.
-write in the present tense
– We don’t care about the subplots
-WRITE IN GENRE, if it’s an observational documentary it’s going to be about the pursuit of truth, if it’s a horror film make it scary, write a funny treatment if it’s a comedy!
— Don’t simply state what genre it is – “this is a rom com” – say “this is the story of how an blind computer nerd meets the girl of his dreams)
– end the treatment and keep it emotional, don’t leave people hanging, go out guns blazing.
5. 'REQUIRES REVIEW' - A SHORT FILM BY JOSHUA BELINFANTE
-Let’s take a look at Withoutabox.
– Let’s take a look at filmfestivallife
-Let’s take a look at filmfreeway
-Let’s talk about film festivals
-Promo activities – my cast at Around International Film Festival in Berlin where we won ‘Best Short Documentary 2016’ and for the month of October